Methodists / Methodism / The Methodist Church
Methodism is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity. It originated in 18th century Britain, and through vigorous missionary activity, spread throughout the British Empire, the United States, and beyond.
Traditionally, Methodism has believed in the Arminian view of free will, via God's prevenient grace, as opposed to predestination. This distinguishes it, historically, from Calvinist traditions such as Presbyterianism. However, in strongly Calvinist areas such as Wales, Calvinistic Methodists remain, also called the Presbyterian Church of Wales.
In the late 1760s, Methodist lay preachers emigrated to America and formed societies. With a system of circuit riders, or lay preachers, traveling from town to town, Methodism quickly spread throughout the continent.